37 kms from Agra is built a city predominantly in Red Sandstone and is called Fatehpur
Sikri. This town was built by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar. He had planned this city as his
capital but shortage of water compelled him to abandon the city. After this within 20 years,
the capital of Mughals was shifted to Lahore.
Fatehpur Sikri was built during 1571 and 1585. Today this ghost city has a population of
about 30,000. This deserted city has retained many of the old structures, because of the
efforts of the Archaeological department.
Fatehpur Sikri is one of the finest examples of Mughal architectural splendour at its
height. Though the city is in ruins, it is a place to visit if one comes to Agra.But in real
terms Fatehpur Sikri is a place where one should spend some time. The sunset over the ruins
is sight to cherish.
Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of the culmination of Hindu and Muslim architecture.
Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be a copy of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived
from the Persian & Hindu architecture.
Prime Attractions of Fatehpur Sikri.
The journey to the royal palace begins with Diwan-I-Am or the Hall Of Public Audience. This
hall was also used for celebrations and public prayers. It has cloisters on three sides of a
rectangular courtyard. To the west is a pavilion with the Emperor’s throne. Beautiful jali
screen on either sides separated the ladies attending the court.
To the right is an apparently looking two storeyed building, with corner kiosks, known as
diwan-khana-I-khaas or Hall Of Private Audience. On entering it, one finds only a single
vaulted chamber. In the centre stands a profusely carved column supporting a
collosal-bracketed capital. Four narrow causeways project from the centre and run to each
corner of the chamber. It is believed that Akbar’s throne occupied the circular space over
the capital and the corners were assigned to the four ministers.
Turkish Sultana’s House
To the left of the Pachisi Board is the Turkish Sultana’s house. The house, as its location
at the corner of Anup Talao shows, was a pavilion for repose, attached to the pool. The
geometrical pattern on the ceiling is reminiscent of Central Asian carvings in wood.
To the left of the Diwan-I-Khaas is the Treasury or Ankh Michauli, once believed to have
been used for playing the game, comprising three rooms each protected by a narrow corridor
which were manned by guards.
Located in the corner to the left is the emperor’s private chamber. It has two main rooms on
the ground floor. One housed Akbar’s library while the larger room was his resting area. On
the first floor is the Khwabgah or the bed-chamber. It was connected with the Turkish
Sultana’s house, the Panch Mahal, Mariam’s House and the Jodha Bai’s palace by corridors.
Palace of Jodha
To the left of the Sunehra Makan is the largest and the most important building in the royal
palace, named after Akbar’s Rajput wife, Jodha Bai. This spacious palace was assured of
privacy and security by high walls and a 9 metre guarded gate to the east. The architecture
is a blend of styles with Hindu columns and Muslim cupolas.
Hawa Mahal And Nagina Masjid
To the right of Jodha Bai’s palace is Hawa Mahal, the Palace of Winds. This small-screened
wind tower faces the garden and is attached to the palace. The garden is laid out in the
Char Bagh style with straight walls intersecting at right angles and divided by shallow
This gate can be approached from the outside by a 13-metre flight of steps which adds to its
grandeur. The gate erected in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar’s victory over Deccan is the
highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the biggest in the world.
To the north west of the Jodha Bai’s Palace is the 2 storeyed palace occupied by Akbar’s two
senior queens- ruqnayya begum and salima sultan begum. It has two storeys-four rooms and two
porches with pyramidical roofs below and two rooms with cupolas and screened terraces above.
The building combines hindu and muslim atyles of srchitecture.
Opposite to the Diwan-I-Khas is the palace of Akbar’s Rajput wife, Mariam-Uz-Zamani. This
two-storeyed building is richly adorned by gold murals in Persian style. The beams have
inscriptions of verses by Akbar’s brother, Faizi.
To the right of Sunehra Makan is the elegant, airy 5 storeyed pavilion, the Panch Mahal.
Each floor over here is smaller than the one below and it rises to a single domed kiosk on
top supported by four columns providing a magnificent view of the city and its environs.
Dargah Of Sheikh Salim Chisti
To the North of the Mosque is the Dargah of Shaikh Salim Chishti. This Dargah was built in
1570. Here, childless women come for blessings of the saint. Even Akbar was blessed with
three sons, when he came here. The lattice work in the Dargah is among the finest to be
found any where in India.
The Jami Masjid
One of the largest mosques in India, Jami Masjid was built in 1571 AD. Inside, there is a
vast congregational coutyard. To the right, at the corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next
ot this is the tomb of the royal ladies. To the left of the Jami Masjid is the Stone
Cutters’ mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri. It is entered through the
eastern entrance known as the Buland Darwaza
||Entry Ticket for Indian Tourist
for Foreign Tourist
|Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra